China and South Korea

China and South Korea organized by MDRC
15-23 October 2005

Study tour was organized within the framework of the project on “Role of Mongolia in Peaceful and Stable Development in Northeast Asia” for 2001-2006, which is supported by Sasakawa Peace Foundation, Japan.

The team consisted of Prof. J. Boldbaatar, Member of the Constitutional Court of Mongolia and Department Head of the Mongolian National University, Dr. L. Nyamtseren, Member of the MDRC Board and Senior Researcher of the Mongolian Development Institute, Mr. K. Demberel, Senior Researcher, Institute of International Studies, Mongolian Academy of Sciences and Ms. J.Batzaya, Project Coordinator, Mongolian Development Research Center.

The main purpose of the tour team consisting of Mongolian senior researchers on security, international relations, economic policy and history was to meet representatives of leading Chinese and Korean leading universities and research institutes and exchange opinions on Northeast Asia economic integration in the historical, socio-economic, political and cultural context and enrich “Policy Recommendations” to be issued by the Mongolian Development Research Center by the close of the “Role of Mongolia in Peaceful and Stable Development in Northeast Asia” project in February 2006.

First, the team visited Beijing and Tianjin, China on 15-19 October 2005. In the Development Research Center (DRC) of the State Council PRC, the delegation was met by Mr. Long Guo Qiang, Senior Fellow and Deputy Director-general, Foreign Economic Relations Department and Ms. Yu Jun, Deputy Director of Liaison Division International Cooperation Department.

DRC is a policy research institution with about 160 employees and 7 institutes and 7 departments and the State Council of the Chinese Central Government governs it. The Mongolian delegation was given a comprehensive information about DRC activities (it studies the trends in the development of the national economy and analyses the macroeconomic situation, the industrial economic development and policies, the new situation and new issues in China's investment and conducts international collaborative research and exchanges with relevant international organizations and research institutions) and found out more about other research institutions in China (Chinese Academy of Science studying nature and environment and Chinese Academy of Social Sciences studying social affairs) and relationship between government and non-government research organizations. It was noticed that research contribution of the non-governmental institutions was quite small in China.

The other institutions to which the Mongolia delegation paid visits were School of International Studies, Peking University, Research Center for China’s Borderland History & Geography Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Institute of World Economics and Politics (IWEP).

At all meetings, useful information was exchanged for further cooperation and for MDRC Policy Recommendations. Some scholars, such as Ms. Li Dongyan, Ms. Wang Wei and Mr. Song Hong from the Institute of World Economics and Politics (IWEP) were well aware of MDRC activities as they took part in MDRC events in Ulaanbaatar. IWEP director Wang Yizhou mentioned that a cooperation between IWEP and MDRC have already been established and expect to develop more and make its result more fruitful and efficient. In order to make so, he proposed to prepare a Cooperation Program for future regular activities and joint researches by both organizations. He also proposed MDRC to nominate its candidate in IWEP international exchange programs.

On 18 October, the group headed to Tianjin, one of the Chinese major ports for ocean and offshore shipping and foreign trade.  Tianjin's traditional industries include iron and steel, machine-building, chemicals, electric power, textiles, construction materials, paper-making and foodstuffs, plus some emergent industries such as shipbuilding, automobile manufacturing, petroleum exploitation and processing, and the production of tractors, chemical fertilizers, pesticides, watches, TVs and cameras. Tianjin is also a gateway for Mongolia to the Pacific Ocean.

In Tianjin, the delegation visited College of History, Nankai University research of which is focused on World history and Chinese history. Professors and researchers of the college study Chinese history by a dynasty. For example, Prof. Wang who received the delegation, studies Yuan dynasty history while other professors work on Han, Tang, Qing and Ming Dynasties. Then, Dr. Prof. J. Boldbaatar briefed about History Research institute, the National University of Mongolia and discussed the further cooperation between 2 institutions. A briefing about Asian Research Center, Nankhai University was also given to the delagates.

On 19 October, the study tour group visited Institute of Qing History, Renmin University of China, China International Culture Exchange Center (CICEC) and Institute of Asia- Pacific Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

Chinese counterparts were highlighting recent growth of Mongolian economy and opportunities to develop Chinese-Mongolian cooperation. According to them there are three most prospective areas of cooperation: trade, investment /mainly in mining sector/ and joining North East Asian cooperation / using energy resource since Mongolia is rich in coal/.

On 19-23 October, the team visited South Korea. The first pmeeting took place in Institute of East & West Studies, Yonsei University. Founded on March 23, 1972 the Institute promotes interdisciplinary research projects emphasizing their realism and relevance, and it also focuses on the area of information technology.

Activities of the next place Korea Economic Research Institute /KERI/ were interesting to the delegation as it was a private, non-profit institution like MDRC. The founding principles and basic philosophy of the research institute are “Free market, Free Enterprise, Free Competition” KERI has 19 researchers and consists of five research departments that undertake important and practical research about the Korean economy: Center for Corporate Studies, Center for Law & Economics, Center for Finance & Tax, the Center for Macroeconomic Studies and Center for International Economic Studies. To assist these research departments, KERI has five supporting offices: Research Coordination Office, Center for Corporation Relations, Center for Information & Computing service, Public Relations Office, and Administrative Office. Financing mode of the KERI, which is done through membership fee, was very interesting to the delegation.

At the end of our tour to South Korea, we visited the Korean Development Institute, School of Public Policy and Management. The School of Public Policy and Management was established in 1997 and offers innovative educational programs, the School aims to be a world-class institution and to educate future international leaders of government and business organizations, equipped with the latest knowledge and prepared for the challenges of a global world. KDI which an old partner of MDRC asked MDRC to help in recruiting highly qualified graduate students from Mongolia (currently, there are few students as well) for its International Development Exchange Program (IDEP). IDEP focuses much on knowledge sharing and the stimulation of economic cooperation. Since its inception, the target nations of IDEP activities have expanded from developing Asian nations to also include African and Latin American countries, as well.
It is possible to say that the study group team have established a dialogue with several institutions to cooperate in the future and it is very important to utilize these ties for further our activities, research and projects.

In addition, at the end of each abovementioned meetings in China and South Korea, MDRC delegation was submitting draft of “Policy Recommendation Paper” for their valuable comments and additions. (Annex 4 - Full Report of the Study Tour developed by project coordinator J. Batzaya).

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