MDRC

The Chinese Institute of World Economy

The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) is the highest academic research organization in the fields of philosophy and social sciences as well as a national center for comprehensive studies in the People""s Republic of China.

1. Short History
CASS was established in May 1977 growing out of the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Professor Hu Qiaomu was the first President accredited to CASS, and Professor Ma Hong was the second and Professor Hu Sheng was the third and Professor Li Tieying is the fourth. Prof. Chen Kui-yuan is the current President. Before the establishment of CASS, the Department of Philosophy and Social Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Sciences was composed of 14 research units: Institute of Economics, Institute of Philosophy, Institute of World Religions. Institute of Archaeology, Institute of History, Institute of Modern History, Institute of World History, Institute of Literature, Institute of Foreign Literature, Institute of Linguistics, Institute of Law, Institute of Nationality Studies, Institute of World Economy and Research Division of Academic Information and Materials. The staff members totaled more than 2,200.

From 1977 to 1981,a batch of new research institutes and some other institutions were established one after another in CASS. They are: Institute of Industrial Economics, Institute of Rural Development, Institute of Finance and Trade Economics, Institute of Journalism (now the Institute of Journalism and Media),Institute of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, Institute of Sociology, Institute of Population Studies, Institute of Ethnic Minority Literature, Institute of World Politics (later it and the Institute of World Economy were amalgamated into the Institute of World Economics and Politics),Institute of American Studies, Institute of Japanese Studies, Institute of West European Studies (now the Institute of European Studies),Editorial Office of Social Sciences in China, China Social Sciences Publishing House, Graduate School. and Office of Committee for Compilation and Publication of Guo Moruo""s Works (now the Guo Moruo Museum).The Institute of Soviet Union and East European Studies (now the Institute of East European, Russian and Central Asian Studies),Institute of West Asian and African Studies and Institute of Latin-American Studies were also incorporated into CASS during this period.

Since 1981,the Institute of Quantitative and Technical Economics, Center for Documentation and Information, Research Center for Chinese Borderland History and Geography, Institute of Political Sciences, Institute of Taiwan Studies as well as Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies have been established in succession.

CASS is now made up of 31 research institutes and more than 50 research centers, which carry out research activities covering about 260 sub-disciplines of different grades, among them 131 are key ones. Now CASS has 3,767 on-the-job staff members in all, of which 2,975 are professional workers. Among the professional workers,1,538 persons are with senior professional titles, and 1,437 with intermediate and junior professional titles. There are many scholars and experts of great attainments and high prestige both at home and abroad. There are also some middle-aged and young scholars being the backbone of their respective institute and showing their brilliant capabilities in scientific researches.

Giving full play to its own advantages of having complete disciplines and an abundance of capable people in the fields of social sciences and the humanities,and being rich in materials,CASS has been creatively carrying on theoretical exploration and policy studies,undertaking the mission of raising the overall level of the studies in social sciences and the humanities in the course of China""s reform and opening-up and the socialist modernization drive.

2. Basic Goals and Tasks
The basic goals of the development of CASS are to prosper and promote the development of social sciences,and fully pursue the strategy of invigorating the nation through science and education,devote great efforts to construct a number of research institutes with international reputation,foster a number of scientific scholars enjoying great prestige both at home and abroad,put out a batch of scientific research achievements which are valuable towards nation""s significant policy decisions and the development of disciplines; build the CASS into the highest academic research organization in the fields of philosophy and social sciences,which will rely on basic theoretical research and will be characteristic of multi-disciplinary and comprehensive studies with emphasis on a macroscopic,strategic and foresighted nature.The CASS will gradually become a research center for Marxism-Leninism,Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping Theory,a research center for economic reform and development,a research center for socialist democracy,legal system and social development,a research center for Chinese nation""s civilization and socialist culture,and a research center for the theory of international issues and strategy,as well as an important base for training and bringing up first-class talents in social sciences and the humanities and highly-qualified personnel in management.

The basic tasks of CASS are to promote the development of social sciences while put emphasis on basic theory research; actively conduct countermeasure and application research with a macroscopic,strategic and foresighted nature; stick to the policy of "making the past serve the present and foreign things serve China",critically carry on the excellent cultural heritage of the Chinese nation,and bravely absorb and use for reference all the useful achievements of human civilizations; arm people""s mind with scientific theory in order to raise the ideological and moral levels and improve the scientific and cultural quality; and to train talents of the high attainments in social sciences and highly-qualified management personnel.

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MDRC - Mongolian Development Research Center

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