MDRC

Role of Mongolia for Peaceful and Stable Development

International Conference
'Role of Mongolia for Peaceful and Stable Development of Northeast Asia'
held (6-7 March, 2001)


The Conference was held in the Chinggis Khaan hotel on 6-7 March in Ulaanbaatar. There were about 45-50 participants including Parliament members, Advisers to the President, Advisers to Prime-Minister, government officials, professors and researchers, invited guest speakers, and staff of International and Bilateral organizations, represented in Mongolia, like UNDP, JICA. (The list of participants is attached).
Opening speeches were made by Mr. G. Lundeejantsan, Parliament member, Chairman, Standing Committee on Foreign Policy and Security, and by Mr. S. Kubota, Director of Program, Sasakawa Peace Foundation. The morning session was chaired by Dr. Ts. Batbayar, Chairman of Board, Mongolian Development Research Center.

Mr.Ch.Davaasuren, Director of Department, Ministry of Finance, made a keynote speech on current situation of Mongolia's economy and Future prospects for next 4 years. He described situation in banking sector, industry and agriculture, and outlined priorities for privatization of some large state-owned enterprises, initiation of large infrastructure projects etc.  First session was about 'Northeast Asian Economic Regionalism in the beginning of 2001'. Three speakers gave their respective perspectives on this important issue.


Prof. Choe, Kwan-Kyoo, Yonsei University, ROK, did a very well researched fundamental presentation. The principal aim of his article is to examine the economic, political and strategic relationship dealing with the development of economic regionalism in Northeast Asia (NEA)..His comparison with western European experiences based on an historical approach objectively clarifies and sets a general framework for NEA economic regionalism. As well, political issues in NEA allowed him to properly indicate the characteristics and particulars related to NEA regionalism.
Regionalism as it is in NEA has not been formed through a fixed program, but is the process of reactions to regionalism in Europe and North America. From the second half of the 1980s, the political and economic configuration in NEA has changed dramatically. Such changes were caused primarily by the appeasement of ideological confrontations, and later by the pragmatism of the nations of the region in international relations.

Prof. Li Dongyan, Chinese Institute of World Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, made a presentation on 'The Characteristics of Northeast Asian Economic Regionalism'. Her conclusion can reflect the realities of this region. On economic regionalism of Northeast Asia, Chinese scholars always would like to see the two sides of one thing. In the one hand, most Chinese scholars argue that it is very difficult to develop a type of economic regionalism and regional integration like in Europe or some other regions. The obstacles that faced Northeast Asia economic regionalism couldn't be remove in short time. In the other hand, they believe regional economic cooperation is very important and necessary.


Mr.B.Baabar, Chairman of Mongolia's Association of Northeast Asia, former member of Parliament, did focus mostly on energy problems of Northeast Asian region, how to connect the continental part of Northeast Asia with dynamic but resource poor parts of Japan, Korea, Taiwan. His analysis was based on his recent visits to Northeast China, North Korea and Japan. He rather emphasised negative things,obstacles toward Northeast Asian economic regionalism. However, he firmly believes that there is no more viable alternative for Mongolia than to be effectively engaged in Northeast Asia regional development schemes.

Second session was devoted to most important Bilateral relations in Northeast Asia. Russian researcher S.G. Lousianin, Institute for Far Eastern Studies, Moscow, outlined most important aspects of Russia's bilateral relations with China, Korea, North Korea, Japan and Mongolia. Mr. Nasan, Deputy Director, Northeast Asia Center, Government of Inner Mongolia, China, did a presentation on economic aspects of Chinese-Mongol relations in the context of Northeast Asia. His conclusion was that Chinese-Mongol economic relations has a great potential due to geographical proximity, economic complementarity, and marketization of both economies. Dr. S. Lhagva, Member of Board, Mongolian Development Research Center, presented his observations regarding export of meat and meat products from Mongolia to neighboring countries of Russia and China. His observations were based on the findings of two study trips to North China and Inner Mongolia, and to Russia orgainzed by the MDRC in November and December 2000.


The third session was held in the beforenoon of second day and the topic was Present and Future of Mongolian economy in the context of Northeast Asia. Prof. Chen Longshan, Chanchun Center of Northeast Asia, Jilin province government, did a presentation 'Some Ideas about Mongolian economy'. He suggested as to theory of market economy, such as professional knowledge, economic theory, law, enterprise system, marketing, managing method and situation of international market and game rules, government officials and business people as well as common people all are still scanty of those knowledge, let alone have a good command of them. And training a large number of professional talents can not be accomplished in a short time.

Order to be connected with international society and markets, Mongolia needs to establish legal system in conformity with international markets, formulate appropriate economic policy and perfect regulations concerned with finance, taxation, enterprise and accounting. All those works entail both accumulation of knowledge and experience and devotion of effort and time.

Prof. V. Ganjurov, Deputy Director, Buryatia Science Center, Russia, gave a presentation on prospects of Russian-Mongolian economic relations for near future. Russian Federal Government policy to promote economic development and integration of Russian Far East and East Siberia to Northeast Asian region will have positive impacts on Russia's bilateral relations with neighboring countries.

Prof. Sumio Kuribayashi, Tokyo International University, did a very interesting presentation on Input-Output table of Mongolia. He used Chinese Inner Mongolian input-output table and made some interesting conclusions concerning Mongolian and North Korean demand on trade with Northeast Asian countries.

Mr.N.Togtokh, Member of Parliament made a briefing on the Mongolian government sponsored project on 'Millenium Road' which will run from East to the West horizontally linking many aimak centers and towns. The project was supported both by the Government and Parliament.


During the discussion time many renowned Mongolian scholars Prof. Kh. Dashdondov, Prof. G. Bazargur, Dr. B. Huldorj, Dr. E. Tsedendamba, Mr. B. Enebish made interesting remarks on Mongolia's linkages with Northeast Asian countries with a particular emphasis on development needs of infrastructure. The closing speeches were made by by Dr. Ts. Batbayar, Chairman of Board, Mongolian Development Research Center.

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