International Workshop in Huhhot

held. (3-4) August, 2001

The International Workshop on Development Factors in Northeast Asia was organized by the Mongolian Development Research Center jointly with Northeast Asia Research Institute of Inner Mongolia in Huhhot on 3-4 August, 2001. In the workshop participated high-level government officers from Mongolia and Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region of China, including Dr. Tsend Adiya, Adviser to Prime Minister of Mongolia, Mr. Sun, Deputy Chief of Administration Office of Inner Mongolian Government. 40-45 people attended the workshop, about 20 of them participated in discussions. 16 speakers - scholars, government officers presented papers on various aspects of development in Northeast Asia. The topic of the first session was 'Strategies and Policies for Economic Development'.Speakers at this session outlined current economic situation and future development trends of economies of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia and Russian Siberia.

Professor Xu Bonian, Vice president of Inner Mongolian University, analyzed Inner Mongolia's Economy, its weight in the economy of entire China, its specifics. Policies of government of China and Inner Mongolia's government, their activities to meet the goals set in the policy documents were explained. Mr. Zha Musu, Director of Foreign Affairs Office of Inner Mongolian Government, spoke about Chinese open economic policy and its implementation in Inner Mongolia.

In his speech he takes real examples of successful cooperation between business units of Inner Mongolia and foreign countries, government efforts made to achieve positive results and were described problems with which face business people and government in the beginning.

Professor Kuribayashi from Tokyo International University presented results of his research on economic modeling of perspectives of Inner Mongolia's economic growth. Input-output tables as well as fixed capital stock distribution table of Inner Mongolia's economy were constructed and the tables were calculated on the basis of 1999 statistical data. Participants in the workshop noticed interesting findings of this work.

Dr.Adiya, Economic Advisor to Prime Minister of Mongolia, outlined Mongolia's government economic policy, activities have been undertaking for implementation of the adopted policy during last year. He noted that the acting government was formed one year ago, as a result of third democratic election and the Mongolian Parliament approved the Government Action Plan for 2000-2004 as its medium term strategy and policies. It was said that the goal of medium term strategy had been set as to achieve economic growth to 6 percent by 2004 and to improve living standards of Mongolians, especially poorest. Dr. Adiya outlined the eleven priorities formulated by the government to implement the above medium term strategy, steps had been taken in the frame of these priorities.

Dr.Batbayar, Mongolian Development Research Center focused on one of the above eleven priorities of Mongolia's government medium term strategy . privatization. As he mentioned, the Parliament of Mongolia approved privatization plan of state owned large-scale, strategic enterprises for 2000-2004. Techniques of privatization of largest producer of cashmere products in Mongolia 'Gobi' company, largest oil. importing company NIC, the most successful commercial bank in the country . Trade and Development Bank of Mongolia were given in details.

Dr.Gukov from Irkutsk University, Russia whose presentation on industrial development tendency in Siberia was expected, due to some flight and visa problems could not come on time, but his interesting paper prepared for the workshop was distributed among participants.

The paper analyzed economic situation of Eastern and Western Siberia during 1990s, compared their major indicators and explained the causes of such a development. It concluded that modernization of the existing industries in Siberia was to be prerogative than building new ones and in this way extending present capacities without technological deepening.

In Second session were presented. Mr. Hao Jiye, Senior Engineer, Inner Mongolia's Department of Transportation and Ao Daming, Senior Engineer and Director of Inner Mongolia's Telecom Department gave wide range prospective of highway construction and telecommunication development in Inner Mongolia. Problems facing these sectors were also outlined, development policies were examined.

Dr. Lhagva from Mongolia emphasized on role of Mongolia in NEA development, in connection with Mongolia's infrastructure development. He called upon to stress attention on Mongolia's transport infrastructure importance for NEA, and said that road, railway, pipe and other transport links through Mongolia would contribute economic integration between China and Russia, other economies of the region, moreover, widening economic ties of East Asia with Central Asia, further with Middle East. Therefore, transport infrastructure development in Mongolia is not only domestic issue of the country, it is to be an issue of international importance for NEA nations.

Professor Cheng Longshan from Jilin province of China, analyzed political, economic and social aspects of expecting connection of railway Kyong Yi Line between North and South Korea. He pointed that connection of the railway would be an powerful imputes for positive political and economic developments in NEA, for establishing safe and steady international environment, for shortening transport time and decreasing transport costs between NEA countries. In Dr. Longshan's paper one can find evident notes of each NEA country's respond to this expecting event, their views on that. Obstacles that make the operation time consuming were also outlined.

Professor Sangtu Ko, Yonsei University, presented a paper, which analyzed South Korea's trade with Russia, China and Mongolia as well as ROK investment in these countries during the last 5-year period. Were presented dynamic changes on basis of statistical data from reliable sources.

Third session of the workshop was devoted to political aspects of regional development in NEA. Dr. Lousianin from Institute for Far East Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, considered the most possible ways of economic integration of Russian Far East with NEA economies. He saw 4 most important areas of economic cooperation between them: first, supply by Russian Far East energy resources other economies, in particular, establishment of Strategic Oil Reserve exploiting Russian deposits with investment from China, Japan and Korea; natural gas and electricity supply from Kovykta gas fields and power resources in Siberia; Second, development of transport corridors which would connect NEA . Europe through Russian transport links; Third, establishing Far East Free Economic Zones and implementation regional economic projects, including Tumen River Development Project; Forth, labor exports to Russian Far East from China.Dr. Lousianin also notes that talks of above areas of cooperation have been continuing for several years and examines reasons of slow movement forward in these directions.

In paper 'NEA Economic Cooperation and Its Impact on Inter-Korean Reconciliation' Professor Choe Kwan-Kyoo from ROK arises one of the important issues of regionalism: consequences of this process for each participating country, taking a particular case: NEA and two Koreas.Besides, the other side of the issue . the influence of the inter . Korean reconciliation on regional economic cooperation is highlighted. He concludes that while the economic cooperation in NEA had an important impact on inter-Korean reconciliation in the last decade, whether the opposite case of the latter having influence on the first holds or not, remains to be seen. Dr. Choe finds three reasons for that: economic cooperation in NEA is fundamental change after long lasted confrontation; it preceded the inter-Korean reconciliation; the regional countries have not yet reached the consensus for the development of the two-Korean reconciliation.

Dr. Li Dongyan, Chinese Institute of World Economics and Politics, made a presentation on .The Interaction of Northeast Asian Cooperation and Chinese Development Strategy. . She compares Chinese development strategy of the recent past and of the new century and finds differences: first, if in the past economic strategy was focused on southeast and coastal region, the west region development has been launched with the end of 20-th century; second, if foreign policy strategy was focused on relationship with big powers, China has adopted policy based on balancing relations with different countries. In conclusion Dr. Li Dongyan said that China upgrades the importance of cooperation in NEA not only for its political reason but also for its economic reason. On the other side, China's development and stability is a positive factor for cooperation in the region. With Chinese entry to WTO and implementation of west economic development strategy it will be more open to the world and will bring significant impulse to trade and investment in the region.

Researcher Zhou Weiping from Northeast Asian Research Center of Jilin Province, China, presented a paper on Tumen River area development. As she noted international cooperation in exploitation of Tumen River Area is slowed down recent years and there are three major reasons. First, positions of China, Russia and Korea toward the cooperation in this area still have some differences, second, inactive policy of USA, in particular, absence of a real political and economic assistance in this matter, third, not sufficient capital for start any significant investment in Tumen River Area. With changes in the Korean Peninsula we must reconsider the situation and seek ways of solving problems . she concluded.

The last, forth session held on next morning was devoted to various problems of NEA development. It was started with presentation made by Zhuang Guiyang, researcher, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The theme of his paper was new one, and importance of the topic was undoubtful. In his paper effect of the Northeast Asian region on global warming was estimated on the basis of different sources, details of this effect was showed. It was pointed the importance of energy cooperation in the region to mitigate the climate changes, even in case of uncertainty about such changes. Taking in account the role of energy as the driving force to economic development, energy security issues, environment protection issues, energy cooperation in NEA is unavoidable . in conclusion was said.

Huge Jiletu, Researcher, Neighboring Countries Research Institute of Inner Mongolian University, suggested in his speech to pay more attention to establishment of free trade zone and strengthening regional economic cooperation between China and Mongolia as one of the important instrument of cooperation on and gave detailed picture of the largest China-Mongolia border port Erlan.

Professor Kubota from Japan gave interesting speech on livestock sector development and pasture problems in Inner Mongolia, pointed out importance of study the experience of such development for Mongolia's agriculture policy, cooperation in NEA.

A paper titled 'Asian Sample of Development is a Core Lever of Regional Cooperation' by Professor L.Khaisandai, Mongolia and other official and informative materials in English and Chinese were distributed among participants of the workshop. During the discussion time many participants Chinese, Korean, Japanese scholars asked questions and made interesting remarks on discussed issues.

The closing speeches were made by Dr. Ts. Batbayar, Chairman of Board, Mongolian Development Research Center and by Na Shun, Vice Director, Northeast Asian Research Institute of Inner Mongolia.

Contact us

MDRC - Mongolian Development Research Center

  • Hot line: (976-11) 315686

Connect with us

We're on Social Networks. Follow us & get in touch.