Factors of Economic Cooperation

International Conference.
Political, Security, Economic and Infrastructure Factors of Economic Cooperation in the Northeast Asia
held 6-7 March 2002, in Ulaanbaatar.

The conference was held in the Conference Hall of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on 6-7 March in Ulaanbaatar. Around 60 people including Parliament members, Advisers to the President, Advisers to Prime-Minister, government officials, professors and researchers, invited guest speakers, and representatives of International organizations, including UNDP, ADB and Embassies of Russia and China in Ulaanbaatar, attended the conference.
Opening speech was made by Mr.Bathishig, Chief of Secretariat of the President of Mongolia and the Welcome speeches were made by Prof.Takashi Shirasu, Senior Program Advisor, Sasakawa Peace Foundation and by Mr.T.Ochirhuu, Chairman of Standing Committee for Economy, State Great Hural of Mongolia.

The morning session was chaired by Dr.S.Lhagva, Deputy-Chairman of Board, .  Mongolian Development Research Center. Mr. Ch.Ganzorig, Minister of Industry and Trade of Mongolia made a keynote speech on current situation of Mongolia s economy, globalization and economic cooperation in the Northeast Asia..First session was titled as . Political and Security Aspects of Economic Cooperation in the Northeast Asia. . Five speakers gave their respective perspectives on this topic. Prof. Dagvadorj, Secretary of National Council for Sustainable Development of Mongolia, did a presentation on the Northeast Asian Cooperation towards Sustainable Development. He briefly outlined the existing mechanisms of Northeast Asian Economic cooperation towards sustainable development. The principal aim of his presentation was to summarize present regional cooperation in Northeast Asia towards sustainable development goals and suggest a framework for enhancing their guiding principles and practical steps for their implementation. He suggested four steps. First, Motivation. Every country in the region will benefit from the regional cooperation especially in sustainable development. That means that all countries could have the necessary motivation for cooperation in sustainable development, as a precondition for the formation of the political will to enhance regional sustainable development.

However, there are still some problems more political and security characters than economic or sustainable development. Second, the formation of political will for regional cooperation for sustainable development in NEA. Almost all countries of NEA have their commitments for sustainable development and have established their National Councils for Sustainable Development. These are the important prerequisite for formation of political will. Third, Propulsion. In order to develop the cooperation towards sustainable development in the region, it is required that at least one country or an international institution takes the initiative in propelling the concept. In this respect, Japan has the potential. Fourth step is, by Dr Dagvadorj, reaching an agreement on the need for cooperation to sustainable development. This could be reached in terms of political, security and economic matters, best - in the framework of ASEAN+3 meeting and ASEAN Regional Forum.

Prof. Lousianin, Vice-Director of 'Russia-China' Analytical Center, Institute for Far East, Russian Academy of Sciences, Prof. Li Dongyan's , Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences,Prof.Otgonbaatar, School of International Relations of Mongolian National University, Dr.Ganjurov Dorj, Institute of Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Mr.Ts.Sukhbaatar, General Director of the Fuel and Energy Department of Ministry of Infrastructure Development of Mongolia, Dr.Woo-jun Kim, Research Professor, Institute of East and West Studies, Yonsei University, Korea, Mr.Mashbat, Researcher of the Institute for Strategic Studies, Mongolia, Dr.Kawamura Kasumi's, Researcher, Economic Research Institute for Northeast Asia, Japan, Prof.B.Enebish and Prof.S.Bathuyag, Science and Technological University of Mongolia, Prof. Sumio Kuribayashi, Graduate School of Economics, Tokyo International University, Prof. Nasun, Vice Director of Inner Mongolian Northeast Asia Research Institute, China and other participants presented papers where were arisen key issues of Northeast Asian development.

Participants of the conference discussed views on issues, shared results of their research. Conference had success among Mongolian and international scholars and policymakers. The major papers presented on the conference are included in book 'Political, Security, Economic and Infrastructure Factors of Economic Cooperation in The Northeast Asia', published by MDRC.

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